- Omniglot – Greek Alphabet
- Community Record Encyclopedia – Greek Alphabet
- Omniglot – Greek Alphabet
- Industry History Encyclopedia – Greek Alphabet
Simple fact is that head otherwise indirect predecessor of the many progressive Eu alphabets. It actually was produced from the brand new North Semitic alphabet via that the newest Phoenicians.
Progressive Greek alphabet
This new Greek alphabet continues to be utilized for the brand new Greek code now. The latest emails of your Greek alphabet are actually together with utilized because icons to possess rules from inside the equations of one’s interconnected areas from mathematics and you may research-instance, the newest lowercase alpha (?) are often used to depict a position in mathematics.
The fresh new Greek alphabet is not the just like the fresh Cyrillic alphabet. Nevertheless Cyrillic alphabet try heavily centered brand new Greek alphabet, therefore, the two composing systems wind up as one another. The fresh new Cyrillic alphabet was made when you look at the Old, therefore has even more letters so you can make up the tunes and this Slavic dialects play with that aren’t within Greek. The latest Cyrillic alphabet became and additionally used for low-Slavic languages, like Kyrgyz and you will Tajik.
The new Greek alphabet are a critical invention because it was a more efficient and you may real solution to develop a low-Semitic words. It performed so through the introduction many the brand new emails and you may new modification otherwise losing of a lot anyone else. Most critical, some of the symbols of the Semitic alphabet, which illustrated only consonants, have been Perugia bride made in order to show vowels.
Greek alphabet, creating system that has been created in Greece in the a thousand bce . It will be the direct otherwise secondary ancestor of the many progressive European alphabets. Produced from the brand new Northern Semitic alphabet via regarding new Phoenicians, new Greek alphabet was modified making it better and you will real to have composing a low-Semitic language with the addition of several this new emails and amendment otherwise dropping of a lot others. Vital, a few of the symbols of Semitic alphabet, and this depicted only consonants, have been made to depict vowels: new Semitic consonants ?alef, he, yod, ?ayin, and you can vav became brand new Greek characters alpha, epsilon, iota, omicron, and you will upsilon, symbolizing the fresh vowels good, elizabeth, we, o, and you will you, correspondingly. Incorporating icons to the vowel audio significantly enhanced the brand new reliability and you can legibility of the creating program getting non-Semitic dialects.
Until the 5th century bce the fresh new Greek alphabet would-be divided with the a couple principal twigs: the fresh Ionic (eastern) while the Chalcidian (western). Differences between the two twigs was slight. The brand new Chalcidian alphabet most likely gave rise towards the Etruscan alphabet of Italy on the eighth century bce and hence ultimately into the almost every other Italic alphabets, like the Latin alphabet, that is today useful for extremely European dialects. When you look at the 403 bce , however, Athens technically followed the newest Ionic alphabet while the written in Miletus, and in the following half a century almost all regional Greek alphabets, such as the Chalcidian, had been changed by the Ionic script, which hence turned the newest Traditional Greek alphabet.
Early Greek alphabet is actually composed, instance the Semitic forebears, out of directly to kept. This gradually offered way to new boustrophedon style, and you may after five hundred bce Greek are always authored regarding leftover to help you best. The newest Ancient alphabet got 24 characters, seven where was in fact vowels, and you will contains funding emails, perfect for monuments and you may inscriptions. Of it were derived about three scripts most readily useful suitable for handwriting: uncial, that was simply the Traditional capitals adapted to help you creating having pen on paper and you will exactly like hand printing, and cursive and you will smallest, that have been powering programs exactly like progressive handwriting models, that have joined letters and you may big modification inside letter figure. Uncial went beneficial regarding the 9th millennium ce , and you will littlest, and that changed it, resulted in the present day Greek handwriting mode.